Better known to locals as "The Hill," Capitol Hill is the largest residential historic district in all of the nation's capitol.
Capitol Hill straddles both SE and NE DC. The neighborhood is divided into two areas: the House side (southeast) and the Senate side (northeast). As such, residents can take advantage of two Metro stations: Union Station (on the Senate side) and Capitol South (on the House side).
The area was once a 500 acre estate known simply as Jenkins Hill. It was only in 1791, that the neighborhood was dubbed "Federal Hill" by French architect Pierre L'Enfant, who described the area in a letter to President George Washington as "a pedestal waiting for a superstructure."
The reference to "a hill" is obvious. The area rises 88 feet above the nearby Potomac River. The U.S. Capitol building is perched upon its highest point.